Foods with low purines are particularly recommended for the gout sufferers. Purines are the naturally occurring compounds in the body, which are found in nucleotides in cell DNA and RNA. When the cells are damaged or destroyed, purines break down to form a waste product, called uric acid. Normally, it passes harmlessly to the kidneys through the bloodstream. It is processed in the kidneys and then excreted through urine. But, when uric acid is produced excessively, your body might not be able to eliminate it.
Increased levels of uric acid tend to accumulate in the bloodstream and form needle-like crystals. These crystals get deposited in the joints, more commonly in the joints of big toe and cause a painful condition, called gout. It is characterized by sudden and intense pain in the affected joint, accompanied by redness, swelling and inflammation in the joint. Some of the factors to cause gout include family history, stress, excess body weight, kidney diseases and high blood pressure. However, intake of foods with high amount of purines is the major factor responsible for gout. Therefore, you have to exclude the purine-rich foods like organ meat, seafood, high-fat dairy products and some vegetables like spinach and asparagus from your diet.
Peanuts and Gout
The foods that are high in purines consist of about 150 to 1000 milligrams of purines per 100 grams of food. The foods with moderate purines contain about 50 to 150 milligrams of purines per 100 grams. The content of purines in low-purines food is less than 50 milligrams. The foods that contain fewer amounts of purines are considered to be preferable for the gout sufferers. The healthy person’s diet includes average 600 to 1000 milligrams of purines per day. But, the gout sufferers need to restrict the purine intake to 100 to 150 milligrams per day. The gout patients should consume low-purines foods such as fruits, green vegetables, seeds, nuts, flax seeds, cereals, cherries, strawberries, blackberries and low-fat dairy products.
Peanuts, despite their names, are included in the category of legumes, not nuts. Although legumes are known to contain moderate purines, peanuts are placed in the low-purine category foods. Peanuts contain less than 50 milligrams of purines per 100 grams. Hence, peanuts are considered to be safe foods for the gout sufferers. Peanuts and peanut butter are an excellent source of protein for people with gout. Peanuts also consist of fatty acids, which possess anti-inflammatory properties. These properties make the peanuts an ideal food for the gout patients. It helps to manage ease the gout symptoms and reduce pain and inflammation from gout.
Along with gout diet, you should follow some self-care measures and home remedies. You should take enough rest and avoid putting strain on the affected joint. Strictly stay away from alcoholism. Since obesity is one of the main causes for gout, you need to maintain healthy body weight by means of balanced, nutritious diet and adequate exercise. You can apply cool compresses or ice packs to the affected joint to soothe pain and reduce swelling.
By strictly following dietary regime and precautionary measures, you can easily cope up with this painful condition and prevent future gout attacks.